European State of the Climate 2019
The European State of the Climate (ESOTC) 2019 comprises three main sections focusing on Europe in 2019 (General, Events and Spotlights), and summarises the latest updates of the annual Climate Indicators. The key findings for each section can be found in the ESOTC Summary. The summary and full ESOTC are aimed at non-specialist audiences interested in the climate events of the past year and longer-term climate change.
The content of the General and Events sections builds upon and extends the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) monthly climate bulletins, which are based on reanalysis - a combination of computer modelling and multiple historic data sources (ERA-Interim and ERA5), and in situ field data (E-OBS). The Spotlights broaden the scope, by including key climate variables from several sources, mainly satellite-based measurements and model-derived estimates.
The Climate Indicator sections focus on a number of key gauges of long-term regional and global climate change. These indicators follow those suggested by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) for communicating global change to policymakers and the public. They build on datasets available from the C3S Climate Data Store (note: not all datasets have yet been included here) and the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) catalogue. The indicators are updated as new data are released, so those included in the ESOTC are based on the versions of the indicator at the time of publication.
A large part of the ESOTC is based on data that are, or will be, available via the C3S Climate Data Store and CAMS catalogue. However, the analyses include other datasets, mainly from other Copernicus services, but also from other monitoring activities, when this has been considered informative and complementary.