Glossary

Contracting Party State that has ratified an international convention and thus has to implement its obligations on national level

Ex-situ

Cf. in-situ

Genetic resources Genetic materials, i.e. any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin containing functional units of heredity that is of actual or potential value (Art. 2 CBD. The value need not be commercial
[i.e. monetary]), but may be scientific or academic in nature.

In-situ/ex-situ

Genetic resources can be wild, domesticated or cultivated. ‘In-situ’ genetic resources are those found within ecosystems and natural habitats. ‘Ex-situ’ genetic resources are those outside their normal ecosystem or habitat, such as in botanical gardens or seed banks, or in commercial or university collections (CBD Secretariat Information Kit37).

Mutually Agreed Terms (MAT) An agreement between provider country/provider of genetic resources and traditional knowledge and the users, on the conditions of access and utilization of the resources, and on the benefits to be shared between both parties (CBD Secretariat Information Kit).
Party see contracting Party
Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Permission given by the Competent National Authority of a country to an individual or institution seeking to obtain access to genetic resources, complying with an appropriate legal and institutional framework (CBD Secretariat Information Kit)

Provider

Institution that according to the domestic legislation or regulatory requirements has the competence to grant access. It may be different from the Competent National Authority (institution with delegated competence) or act in addition to the Competent National Authority (Holders of ATK, decentralised agency).

Provider country Party providing genetic resources that is the country of origin of such resources or that has acquired the resources in accordance with the CBD (Art. 15 CBD, Art. 6 NP)
Traditional knowledge associated to these resources Associated Traditional Knowledge is knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context that is specific or general in its relationship to genetic resources. It includes know-how, practices, skills and innovations. It can be found in a wide variety of contexts, including: agricultural knowledge; scientific knowledge, technical knowledge, ecological knowledge, medicinal knowledge, including related medicines and remedies; and biodiversity-related knowledge. www.wipo.int/tk/en/resources/glossary.html#50

User of genetic resources

In the academic context, all researchers who access genetic resources (cf. above) and/or make use of genetic resources

Utilization of genetic resources To conduct research and development on the genetic and/or biochemical composition of genetic resources, including through the application of biotechnology... (Art. 2(c)NP)