• 2018
  • Bericht
  • IPBES

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for Europe and Central Asia: Summary for policymakers

Regional assessment report

Regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Europe and Central Asia: Summary for policymaker
Bild: IPBES
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Regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Europe and Central Asia: Summary for policymaker
Regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Europe and Central Asia: Summary for policymaker (Bild: IPBES)

The regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Europe and Central Asia identifies a mix of governance options, policies and management practices that are currently available to reduce the loss of biodiversity and of nature’s contributions to people in that region.

The Regional Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for Europe and Central Asia produced by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) provides a critical analysis of the state of knowledge regarding the importance, status and trends of biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people. The assessment analyses the direct and underlying causes for the observed changes in biodiversity and in nature’s contributions to people and the impact that these changes have on the quality of life of people.

Land-use change as a major driver

The major driver of the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services to date has been land-use change, caused in part by production-based subsidies that led to unsustainable intensification of agricultural practices. However, the impact of human-induced climate change is increasing and is likely to be one of the most important drivers in the future. The assessment also found that economic growth has, in general, not been decoupled from environmental degradation.

A mix of governance options, policies and management practices is available for public and private actors in Europe and Central Asia, but further commitment is needed to adopt and effectively implement them to address the drivers of change, to safeguard biodiversity and to ensure nature’s contributions to people for a good quality of life.

Promising governance options

1. Mainstreaming the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and the sustained provision of nature’s contributions to people into policies, plans, programmes, strategies and practices of public and private actors should be achieved with more proactive, focused and goal-oriented environmental action, including quantitative goals.

2. Developing integrated approaches across sectors would enable more systematic consideration of biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people by public and private decision makers. This includes further options to measure national welfare beyond current economic indicators, taking account of the diverse values of nature. Ecological fiscal reforms would provide an integrated set of incentives to support the shift to sustainable development.

3. Effective governance of biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people would benefit from well- designed mixes of policy instruments, suited to the context. Legal and regulatory instruments are the backbone of policy mixes. The removal of harmful subsidies in various sectoral policies, such as agriculture, fisheries and energy would reduce negative impacts on biodiversity and allows for a more cost-effective use of public funds.

4. Economic, financial, social and information-based instruments provide additional incentives for governments, businesses, non-governmental organizations and citizens. Further efforts would help to develop better rights-based approaches. A key factor constraining the effectiveness of existing policy mixes is limited enforcement owing, for example, to a lack of human resources, institutional capacity and financial means, or corruption.

5. A wide range of actors and stakeholders is increasingly integrated into governance processes. This can have a positive effect on biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people if the effectiveness, efficiency and equity implications of such integration are carefully monitored, evaluated and improved. Lack of adequate financing is a major constraint on efforts to achieve biodiversity conservation and ecosystem restoration.

6. Dealing with change is a matter of societal choice. The way in which we choose to organize our societies and institutions, in both public and private spheres, is key to the realization of pathways towards the sustainable future envisioned by a diverse range of actors in Europe and Central Asia.

  • Verknüpfungen

In June 2018 IPBES presented the summary for policymaker of its Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for Europe and Central Asia in Bern.
  • 06.06.2018
  • IPBES
  • BAFU
  • Forum Biodiversität Schweiz
  • Meldung

Politicians can now act against biodiversity loss

On 6 June 2018 the IPBES report on Europa and Central Asia was presented to governments and stakeholders. The report summarizes the state of biodiversity and ecosystems services, and potential policy approaches in Europe and Central Asia.
Yellow terraces quarry stone exploitation
  • 26.03.2018
  • IPBES
  • Medienmitteilung

Worsening Worldwide Land Degradation Now ‘Critical’, Undermining Well-Being of 3.2 Billion People

Worsening land degradation caused by human activities is undermining the well-being of two fifths of humanity, driving species extinctions and intensifying climate change. It is also a major contributor to mass human migration and increased conflict, according to the world’s first comprehensive evidence-based assessment of land degradation and restoration.
Biologische Vielfalt bietet Sicherheit für den Menschen: In Bergregionen schützen Wälder Siedlungen und Infrastrukturen vor Steinschlag, Murgängen und Lawinen.
  • 23.03.2018
  • Forum Biodiversität Schweiz
  • Medienmitteilung

Weltbiodiversitätsrat verabschiedet ersten Zustandsbericht für Europa & Zentralasien

Die Biodiversität in Europa und Zentralasien hat einen enorm hohen Wert für die Region, aber schwindet Jahr für Jahr. Immer mehr Menschen werden längerfristig in ihrer Lebensqualität beeinträchtigt. Dies besagt der erste vom Weltbiodiversitätsrat IPBES erarbeitete Zustandsbericht für Europa und Zentralasien. Die ExpertInnen zeigen diverse Handlungsmöglichkeiten auf und empfehlen, die Biodiversität und die Leistungen der Natur für den Menschen künftig viel stärker zu berücksichtigen. Der Bericht wurde zusammen mit den Zustandsberichten zu Asien-Pazifik, Amerika und Afrika und einem Bericht zur Landdegradierung am 22. März 2018 in Medellìn (Kolumbien) verabschiedet. IPBES, die Zwischenstaatliche Plattform für Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen, fasst damit erstmals den Zustand der Natur und die Folgen für die Menschen weltweit zusammen.
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