Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in Europe
Enhancing coherence of the knowledge base, policies and practices. The report assesses current practices and level of know-how, and highlights emerging innovative tools national, regional and local authorities are using to tackle the impacts of weather- and climate-related hazards.
The EEA report 'Climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction in Europe — enhancing coherence of the knowledge base, policies and practices' not only assesses current practices and level of know-how, but also highlights emerging innovative tools national, regional and local authorities are using to tackle the impacts of weather- and climate-related hazards.
- At global, European and national level there is an emerging need to enhance coherence between climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) by taking account of their similar objectives and differences.
CCA and DRR are central to the sustainable development agenda in Europe and globally. Both policy areas pursue common objectives that include management of climate (variability and change) risks and building of climate-resilient societies.
Comprehensive, multi-hazard risk and vulnerability assessment frameworks are needed to inform evidence-based and robust decision-making, and guide transformational changes in DRR and CCA.
A review of the current practices suggests that, although innovative examples exist, the full potential of a better integration of DRR and CCA has yet to be exploited.
Climate change has caused noticeable effects on human health in Europe, mainly as a result of extreme events, an increase in climate-sensitive diseases, and a deterioration in environmental and social conditions. Heat waves were the deadliest extreme weather event in the period 1991–2015 in Europe.
Increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather- and climate-related events may lead to more disastrous impacts on ecosystems and their services. Management of ecosystems can help to avoid or significantly reduce these impacts.
The total reported economic losses caused by extreme weather- and climate-related events in the EEA member countries over the period 1980-2015 amount to around EUR 433 billion (in 2015 values). A large share of the total losses (70 %) has been caused by a small number of events (3 %).
A programmatic approach, initiated from the top down, executed from the bottom up, and supported by adequate funding and a long-term strategy, can deliver effective CCA and DRR integration.
Quelle: EEA 2017: Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in Europe. Luxembourg Publications Office of the European Union.