Rainfall is one of the main drivers of soil erosion. A new map provides a complete rainfall erosivity dataset for the 28 European Union Member States and Switzerland. The dataset contains high temporal resolution data which until now was not easily available for modellers and scientists. The datasets can be downloaded free of charge from the website of the European Soil Data Centre.
Rainfall erosivity was the subject of a recent study carried out by a group of researchers from the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC) and other European institutes and universities. The researchers collected data from 1'541 precipitation stations in all EU Member States and Switzerland, with temporal resolutions of 5 to 60 min., taking into account the amount and intensity of rainfall in different parts of Europe. Using a model based on the best available datasets, the research group produced a Rainfall Erosivity Database (REDES) and a rainfall erosivity map.
The new dataset provides key parameters for estimating soil loss and soil erosion risk in Europe, but could in future also be used for assessing and forecasting landslides and floods, and for the management of ecosystems and agriculture.
European Soil Portal - Rainfall Erosivity Database REDES